Income inequality (S90/S10): the gap between the richest 10% and the poorest 10%

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An overview of the income distribution trend in Portugal, between 2010 and 2012, shows that the measure S90/S10 rose 1,3 p.p., reversing a trend of inequality reduction.

The S90/S10 is calculated from the difference between the income received by the 10% of the population with the highest income (the top decile) to that received by the 10% of the population with the lowest income (the bottom decile).

In 2012, the income of the wealthiest 10% was 10,7 times higher than the income of the 10% least wealthy (which represents an increase of 0,7 percentage points comparing with 2012). Portugal doesn’t reach such a high value in this indicator since 2006. 

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Updated by: Ana Rita Matias