Income inequality in Portugal and in Europe: the impact of austerity? By Renato Miguel do Carmo and Ana Rita Matias
In the European countries affected by austerity measures and structural adjustment programmes (Portugal, Greece, Ireland and Spain), data shows a significant increase in income inequalities. Meanwhile, these four countries saw a decline in the GDP, which besides representing an effective impoverishment led to a stagnation in the Human Development Index.
Social inequalities are multidimensional and affect different sectors of society.
By: Margarida Carvalho and Renato Miguel do Carmo
Lisbon municipality distinguishes itself from the remaining Portuguese territory by the higher earnings the workers receive there. However, the municipality is crossed by higher inequality levels than those recorded in national terms. And these inequalities aren’t homogeneously distributed on the municipality’s parishes.
“Quadros de Pessoal” database is collected annually by the Strategy and Planning Office at the Ministry of Labour and Social Solidarity (GEP/MTSS). It results from a survey applied to all Portuguese companies and it collects information about these companies’ establishments and workers. Since 2003 the parish of the establishment is one of the collected information. The possibility to do an analysis at the parish level allows a more comprehensive view of what happens inside the municipalities.